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Scripps Research receives CIRM grant for new research in stem cell biology and disease origins

April 20, 2016

HIV prevalence was higher among those testing for HIV in the clinic-based testing areas than in the community-based areas. But due to the larger number of people tested in community-based areas, these programs detected almost four times as many HIV cases as the clinic-only programs across the three study sites (952 vs. 264).

Repeat HIV testing in community-based program areas increased in all sites by the end of the three-year intervention period, reaching 28 percent of all those who were initially tested.

"Communities can be mobilized to learn their HIV infection status, including in remote rural communities with little infrastructure across different regions, epidemic settings and cultures," the researchers wrote. "Within a short period, Project Accept mobilized large proportions of the study populations to go through the difficult process of learning their HIV infection status, proving that local communities respond to HIV epidemics when comprehensive, user-friendly services are provided."

Of note, the authors found an association between gender and HIV testing across study groups in Tanzania and Thailand, with a larger proportion of men testing for HIV in community-based areas than in stand-alone areas. Few individuals tested for HIV infection as couples in Tanzania and Zimbabwe, and the proportion was lower in community-based areas than in stand-alone areas. By contrast, the proportion of those testing as couples in Thailand was much higher than in other sites, especially in the areas receiving stand-alone testing.

Source: University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences